Soghomon Tehlirian (Armenian: Սողոմոն Թեհլերեան) (April 2, 1897 – May 23, 1960) was born in the village of Nerkin Bagarij in the Erzurum villayet of Western Armenia. He received his primary education in his birthplace and afterwards graduated in the Getronagan (Central) Lyceum of Constantinople. After graduation, he returned to his native Erzincan.
In June of 1915, the Turkish local police ordered the evacuation and deportation of all the Armenians in Erzincan. He along with his mother, three sisters, his sister’s husband, his two brothers, and a two-year-old niece were forced to be deported. After marching for several hours, they heard gunfire coming and Turkish troops suddenly descended on the deportees. His mother was immediately shot dead. His sisters were dragged behind the bushes and raped. Next he watched a man cleave his brother’s skull in front of him and then something smashed Tehlirian’s head and he was knocked unconscious. After he awoke from unconsciousness, he escaped to Tbilisi where he joined the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. He eventually participated in General Antranik’s voluntary military detachments. In 1921 he joined the Operation Nemesis covert assassination operation.
Soghomon Tehlirian was an Armenian Genocide survivor who assassinated the former Ottoman Grand Vizir Talaat Pasha in Berlin in the presence of many witnesses on March 15, 1921 as an act of vengeance for Talaat’s role in orchestrating the Armenian Genocide. It was a part of the Operation Nemesis by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. Earlier, Talaat Pasha was convicted and sentencing to death in absentia by the Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919–1920. Tehlirian was found not guilty by the German court and was freed. Tehlirian is considered a national hero by Armenians.